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Breeding Dwarf Flag Cichlids (Laetacara Curviceps)

Planning on breeding fish or already breeding them.

Breeding Dwarf Flag Cichlids (Laetacara Curviceps)

Postby NightwishRaven999 » Sun Jan 10, 2010 12:55 pm

Species: Laetacara Curviceps
Common names: Dwarf flag cichlid, Curviceps
Family: Dwarf Cichlid
Behavior: Peaceful, shy

Level of difficulty: Easy
Category: Fairly Prolific


-How to breed Laetacara Curviceps-

Breeding this marvelous little dwarf cichlid can be a very rewarding experience.
Spawning requirements are as follows.
Tank temperature should be raised 1-2 degrees F and regular water changes should be undertaken. Water should be soft and slightly acidic.
pH levels should be anywhere between 6.2 to 7.0


-Conditioning-

A varied diet is the key.
High quality flake foods along with chopped earth worms, krill, bloodworms and brine shrimp are all readily accepted.


-Aquarium condition-

Curviceps can spawn in the community tank, provided they are living with peaceful, calm tankmates. Agitated fish such as danios, tiger barbs and aggressive cichlids will only deter them from spawning.
However, tank mates such as Cardinal Tetras and Harlequin Rasboras are greatly appreciated by the Curviceps. Without small schooling fish in the tank, Curviceps will feel unsecure and uneasy. Angelfish, discus, small to medium sized gouramis and other dwarf cichlids also make
ideal tankmates.


-Spawning site-

This is not doubt one of the most important aspects to consider.
Curviceps are by nature, shy and unsecure. To spawn them, you will have to create a shady and secluded environment. Curviceps appreciate bright light but they also favor the shady retreats offered by large driftwood pieces and bushy plants such as Hygrophila Polysperma.

Select a pair of trio of flat, smooth, fist-sized rocks.
Place them close together in a back corner of the tank.
Use driftwood and tall plants to surround the rocks and create as much shade and seclusion as you can. The more secure they feel, the better chance you have at spawning them.

Aditional notes: Substrate should prefferably consist of sand or fine gravel.


-How to raise the brood-

Curvicep eggs and fry are fairly small in size, but are also quite numerous.
In most cases, 150 to 400 eggs will be laid on a smooth stone.
As with all cichlids, the parents get better and better every time they spawn...so do not freak out if they eat the eggs the first and second time.

At 82 F the eggs should hatch in 48-60 hours, releasing the little fry from their enclosure.
The fry will then take anywhere from 60-72 hours to absord their yolk sacs and will be free swimming shortly after. As will all cichlids, the parents keep a close eye on the brood and will keep them in tight formation. Other fish will be fervently chased away from the brood and the young fry will grow considerably during the first few days.

Once they are free swimming, the fry should be fed newly hatched baby brine shrimp 3-4 times a day. Keeping the other fish well fed will also help the parents keep "unwated visiters" at bay.
Regular feedings and small (10-20%) daily water changes will ensure quick growth of the fry.

If you intend on raising the fry yourself, remove the eggs 24 hours after they are laid and place them in a small 5 gallon aquarium with a sponge filter, a heater and an air stone (optional)
The aquarium substrate should consist of sand or fine gravel and the tank should be filled with water from the parent`s tank. Ensure adequate water circulation over the eggs and add methylene blue to the the tank water. This will help protect the eggs from fungus.

Once the eggs have hatched and the fry are free swimming, follow the instructions given above.
Regular feedings and water changes are the key to success !

Once the fry are close to half an inch in size, they can be fed crushed flakes and chopped tubifex worms. At this point, transfer them to a bigger aquarium until they grow big enough to join their parents in the community tank.


I wish you success in breeding the amazing Dwarf Flag Cichlids !

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Re: Breeding Dwarf Flag Cichlids (Laetacara Curviceps)

Postby NightwishRaven999 » Sun Jan 10, 2010 4:30 pm

I found a very nice video of breeding curviceps.
They appear to be in a breeding tank on there own.

The video shows the egg laying and fertilizing process very clearly.
I know Breet is planning on getting a pair of these, so I though he would particularly
enjoy this footage.

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Re: Breeding Dwarf Flag Cichlids (Laetacara Curviceps)

Postby Mick » Mon Jan 11, 2010 7:42 am

I enjoyed it as well Jordan
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Re: Breeding Dwarf Flag Cichlids (Laetacara Curviceps)

Postby Brett » Wed Jan 13, 2010 11:56 pm

Thanks much Jordan!
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Re: Breeding Dwarf Flag Cichlids (Laetacara Curviceps)

Postby Adam » Thu Jan 14, 2010 8:15 am

As always interesting and informative read. Thanks.
Adam
 

Re: Breeding Dwarf Flag Cichlids (Laetacara Curviceps)

Postby NightwishRaven999 » Thu Jan 14, 2010 9:10 am

Thanks everyone ! Feel free to add something to the article if you wish.
Curviceps are one of the few species I could honestly recommend to anyone who has a planted community tank. They are such wonderful fish to have around.

The fun thing with them is how subtle they are. You will not always see them and they often hang around close to driftwood and rocks near the back of the tank. I believe that this is one of the few ideal fish to keep in a Discus tank.
They are actually very close to Keyhole cichlid in behavior and temperament.
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Re: Breeding Dwarf Flag Cichlids (Laetacara Curviceps)

Postby superdart » Thu Jan 14, 2010 11:27 am

Great article and you are spot on with there temperment being so good you can keep them with virtualy any other mild tempered fish.
If it has fin's and swim's I'm interested in it....
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