Species: Laetacara Curviceps
Common names: Dwarf flag cichlid, Curviceps
Family: Dwarf Cichlid
Behavior: Peaceful, shy
Level of difficulty: Easy
Category: Fairly Prolific
-How to breed Laetacara Curviceps-
Breeding this marvelous little dwarf cichlid can be a very rewarding experience.
Spawning requirements are as follows.
Tank temperature should be raised 1-2 degrees F and regular water changes should be undertaken. Water should be soft and slightly acidic.
pH levels should be anywhere between 6.2 to 7.0
A varied diet is the key.
High quality flake foods along with chopped earth worms, krill, bloodworms and brine shrimp are all readily accepted.
Curviceps can spawn in the community tank, provided they are living with peaceful, calm tankmates. Agitated fish such as danios, tiger barbs and aggressive cichlids will only deter them from spawning.
However, tank mates such as Cardinal Tetras and Harlequin Rasboras are greatly appreciated by the Curviceps. Without small schooling fish in the tank, Curviceps will feel unsecure and uneasy. Angelfish, discus, small to medium sized gouramis and other dwarf cichlids also make
This is not doubt one of the most important aspects to consider.
Curviceps are by nature, shy and unsecure. To spawn them, you will have to create a shady and secluded environment. Curviceps appreciate bright light but they also favor the shady retreats offered by large driftwood pieces and bushy plants such as Hygrophila Polysperma.
Select a pair of trio of flat, smooth, fist-sized rocks.
Place them close together in a back corner of the tank.
Use driftwood and tall plants to surround the rocks and create as much shade and seclusion as you can. The more secure they feel, the better chance you have at spawning them.
Aditional notes: Substrate should prefferably consist of sand or fine gravel.
-How to raise the brood-
Curvicep eggs and fry are fairly small in size, but are also quite numerous.
In most cases, 150 to 400 eggs will be laid on a smooth stone.
As with all cichlids, the parents get better and better every time they spawn...so do not freak out if they eat the eggs the first and second time.
At 82 F the eggs should hatch in 48-60 hours, releasing the little fry from their enclosure.
The fry will then take anywhere from 60-72 hours to absord their yolk sacs and will be free swimming shortly after. As will all cichlids, the parents keep a close eye on the brood and will keep them in tight formation. Other fish will be fervently chased away from the brood and the young fry will grow considerably during the first few days.
Once they are free swimming, the fry should be fed newly hatched baby brine shrimp 3-4 times a day. Keeping the other fish well fed will also help the parents keep "unwated visiters" at bay.
Regular feedings and small (10-20%) daily water changes will ensure quick growth of the fry.
If you intend on raising the fry yourself, remove the eggs 24 hours after they are laid and place them in a small 5 gallon aquarium with a sponge filter, a heater and an air stone (optional)
The aquarium substrate should consist of sand or fine gravel and the tank should be filled with water from the parent`s tank. Ensure adequate water circulation over the eggs and add methylene blue to the the tank water. This will help protect the eggs from fungus.
Once the eggs have hatched and the fry are free swimming, follow the instructions given above.
Regular feedings and water changes are the key to success !
Once the fry are close to half an inch in size, they can be fed crushed flakes and chopped tubifex worms. At this point, transfer them to a bigger aquarium until they grow big enough to join their parents in the community tank.
I wish you success in breeding the amazing Dwarf Flag Cichlids !